We asked “How do we meet Canada’s climate goals,create jobs, and keep energy affordable?” Canadians answered…
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Maybe it is time to hold a referendum of separation. If successful that would be a huge bargaining tool with the rest of Canada, think Quebec and their failed referendum and the pay off they continue to receive. But then again most of Canada seems to hate Alberta and what we stand for. If they do not want Alberta and our oil/gas we could then adopt the US dollar as our currency and form closer ties with the US to get our product to international markets. Then secure our borders from those who want to destroy us.
The recent decision by the current Government of Canada to make the flow of Alberta oil east by pipeline economically unfeasible is economic suicide for both the West and the East. Montreal's mayor has it SO WRONG also. Anyone who has taken Economic 101 knows this - perhaps politicians avoid economics altogether in the quest for short-term electoral gain. I don't know. But I know that our society totally depends on carbon energy until after an alternative is found and made financially feasible. When the effects of the current governments of Alberta, Ontario and Canada start to be felt - there will be political revolution over what our leaders have done to us all.
We do not need to keep oil and gas in the ground if we convert it to hydrogen in combination with carbon conversion by-products. EOR and storage will be used primarily in the beginning until we perfect and bring down the cost of scaled-up carbon conversion technologies to the millions of tons per year scale. I believe this can be Canada's lighthouse for North American and globally. I believe Canadians can support this bold new direction which continues to develop our resources but in a new dramatically clean way. Otherwise, we are pushing a rope......
The elected representatives across Canada have decided not to support the pipelines needed by Alberta to Market its Natural Resource. The job loss impact of low oil prices and limited and delayed pipelines by governments is hitting Alberta Hard. Alberta has contributed billions annually for a great many years. All of this is well known. Canada should now come to Alberta with repayments.
The country has apparently been ashamed to be known as an Oil Producer so the imposition of an import tax on oil of $5.00 per barrel on this product would fit right into the policies of the current elected Governments. These funds would go directly to Alberta thereby adjusting the harm done to Alberta by the rest of Canada. Alberta could only use this source of revenue to pay off its debt incurred up to the point of oil dropping below $60.00 per barrel. Alberta must also learn to live within its means. In the event Alberta's acquired debt as listed is paid off, Ottawa would have the choice of continuing the import tax and adding it to the national coffers or ending it.
Carbon dioxide is critical to plant growth and development. Photosynthesis, the process through which plants use light to create food, requires carbon dioxide. CO2 concentration in ambient air ranges from 300-500 parts per million (ppm), with a global atmospheric average of about 400 ppm. If you are growing in a greenhouse or indoors, the CO2 levels will be reduced as the plants use it up during photosynthesis. Increasing the CO2 levels in these environments is essential for good results. Additionally, there are benefits to raising the CO2 level higher than the global average, up to 1500 ppm. With CO2 maintained at this level, yields can be increased by as much as 30%!
Reduce CO2 to much and food production will plummet.
Canada should be using our own gas and oil. We should not be dependant on imported oil. Any imported oil should be subject to same rules and regs as Canadian oil and gas. Imported unethical oil should be eliminated or curtailed at worst. Canadian oil resources should be put ahead of ANY foreign imports.Canadian pipelines should be given priority to eliminate our dependant on imports. We will never be able to eliminate fossil fuels nor should we.
We are "Canadians" first and foremost. All matters of national interest must be handled from this perspective. To speak from 2 sides of our mouth - one that we stand up internationally for human rights while continuing to import "dirty" oil goes against our most basic moral principles. There is so much at stake here - to have matters of national interest be swayed by vocal special interest groups which are proving to be divisive begs the question - "Whose interests" TRUMP" who's?? Alarmist fearmongering "what-if's "with little or no basis in fact or scientific data hurts us all. This is crying out for calm, intelligent discussion steeped in public education and awareness which translates to LEADERSHIP!
If we have to have Carbon Taxes and I don't think we should, they should be revenue neutral. Why, if I buy a car manufactured in Ontario, subsidized by my taxes, am I penalized with a carbon tax when I put fuel in the tank. Carbon taxes, cap and trade, just another tax grab.
What’s the problem?
We need scaleable electricity generation solutions that provide employment, use existing Canadian skill sets, are sustainable and safe, take advantage of existing infrastructure and help us mitigate and adapt to a changing climate. Ideally, these solutions should also help us bridge to a time where technology and consumer confidence in renewables achieves full buy-in from the public.
What is one solution?
Molten salt nuclear reactors. This technology is extremely efficient and has been around for decades. Actually it was developed by the US Los Alamos lab concurrently with heavy water reactor technology. However, at the time, plutonium was needed as a by-product to enable the development of nuclear weapons and so heavy water technology was prioritized. Molten salt reactors, in particular Thorium reactors, don’t create by-products that can be used for nuclear weapons, not even for dirty devices.
An additional benefit is that this technology operates at standard atmospheric pressure. As a result, it is impossible for negative meltdown events to occur such as the events at Three Mile Island, Chernobyl or more recently, Fukushima, Japan. In fact, when leaving the lab for the weekend, engineers at the Los Alamos Lab would just let the molten salt reactors “melt down” as a way or turning them off. The core just turns to a solid with no radiological leakage. On Monday morning, they would just hear it up again and start generating electricity.
Just a few other considerations. Thorium is highly abundant in existing mine tailings, something that Canada has in significant volume. So, while it requires some light processing before entering the reactor as fuel (like other nuclear fuels), we don’t have to mine it out the ground. In fact, just one ton of Thorium produces as much energy as 200 tons of uranium or 3.5 million tons of coal. Efficiency win!
Thorium reactors produce less than one percent of the waste created by our modern uranium nuclear reactors. The reactors are tiny too, requiring a fraction of a typical reactor footprint and because of their inherent safety, can be positioned closer to urban centres. Less transmission distance is, you guessed it, another efficiency win.
But what about waste? Nobody likes barrels of nuclear waste being buried in Canada for the next ten thousand years. I couldn’t agree more. Thorium reactors eat existing nuclear waste for breakfast, literally. It’s true, they do still create a bit of waste, but when balanced against what they consume, and the fact their waste is more stable and becomes benign in a much shorter time frame, the picture still looks quite rosy.
Interestingly, India, who along with China, have the worlds most significant and increasing demand for electricity, has embraced molten salt reactors, including Thorium. The country already has several of these reactors in operation.
The technology is sustainable, time-tested, safe, uses existing infrastructure and Canadian skills, is shovel-ready, diversifies our energy supply and is complimentary to renewables.
Let’s consider molten salt reactors, and thorium reactors in particular, for a significant role in the Canadian energy supply.