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De prime abord la diminution de notre consommation dans tout les domaines. Favoriser le travail à la maison pour diminuer le transport. La protection de la nature doit être une priorité. Le développement d'une agriculture écologique et non industrielle. Une répartition équitable des richesses.
The controversy that erupted following Jacobson et al 2015 paper on the 100% WWS solution highlighted problems of load balancing and grid stability with no "controllable" resource other than hydro in dams and uncertainties re adequacy of transmission from dams far from loads.
Distributed natural gas turbine plants seem to be the way we're going but they emit too much CO2. They could be fitted with Carbon Capture and Storage; but current methods give the operators the additional task of operating a chemical plant on the back-end and I'm not sure how unwieldy that would be for peaking operations. What about firing with oxygen instead of air? This would produce off-gas with just water vapour that can be easily condensed and CO2 that just has to be compressed. A lot easier and more maneuverable for the operators I imagine.
INCO did this for years to make capture of SO2 easier.
Investment in storage bullets and over-sizing air-separation plant to work off-peak could also contribute to energy storage problem.
When the furnace kicks in, or you turn on a light, ever wonder how much more CO2 that's pumping out? If there were standards applied to natgas and electricity providers, that they must have sensor connectors that can be read, exposed inside each building on utility wall, then wall thermostat installers can hook up and show you in real-time (and cumulatively)
Some kind of a standard symbol / icon / trademark for packaging that would draw a green-consumer (willing to pay premium) to a box where the packager can explain how much more per package they had to pay for green vs commodity grid energy, ie lawn fertilizer done with wind energy electrolysis vs methane. With carbon pricing, its all supposed to be pricing signals. But until we get to 400$/tonne in 2050, there may be consumer interest in seeing some labeling, so they can voluntarily pay a bit more of not much difference.
For Canada to before a clean-energy, low carbon economy, nuclear energy must continue to be a part of our energy mix. Nuclear is a part of the climate change solution.
Nuclear energy facilities are a low-carbon energy source, which means less air pollution and fewer greenhouse gases emitted. Nuclear is a sustainable and reliable base load energy source which will help to meet our growing electricity demands.
Renewable energy such as solar and wind are great options to add to our diverse energy portfolio, but are not enough to sustain our current and predicted energy demands. Nuclear energy is currently the only low-carbon option to fill this gap while new technologies are being developed.
If you could rent a range-extender battery for the trunk of an EV, when you're going on a road trip, that would reduce your peak need when buying a new vehicle, and EVs would sell better.
Assuming lots of cheap clean green electricity, use the following process to fix carbon from cement production for burial
Light Duty Trucks ie SUVs, pickups and crossovers now out-emit passenger cars. Hypothesis: consumers buy for their peak need, not their typical need. By allowing 'snow day' holidays, peak need will be lower, and vehicle fleet average size will shrink