Once energy is produced– whether as a solid, liquid, or gas, or stored as a battery or electricity - it is moved to where it can best be used. There are many ways to move our energy resources across the country.

In 2015, Canada exported over $100 billion worth of energy and electricity.

In Canada

  • Energy icon

    Electricity is transported by wire along high-voltage transmission lines and then, at lower voltages, through a larger network of distribution lines to the end consumer. The transmission network is 160,000 km in length. Learn about electricity infrastructure.

  • Smart meter icon

    There are 83 smart grid projects underway in Canada as of 2016. Smart grids can help increase the penetration of renewable generation, and increase reliability, resiliency, and system flexibility, while reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.Learn more about smart grids

  • Rail icon

    About one fifth of the total products transported by rail in Canada are energy-related. The majority of Canada’s coal is also transported by rail.

  • Pipelines icon

    Canada has the largest federally regulated pipeline system (825,000 km) in the world to move its abundant oil and natural gas resources for further refining, and/or transportation to domestic and export markets.

Around the World

  • Export icon

    Canada is one of the world’s largest energy exporters. In 2015, Canada exported over $100 billion worth of energy and electricity.

  • Barrel icon

    Over three million barrels of oil were exported every single day in 2015, an amount that has doubled since 2005. The majority went to the United States.

  • Electricity icon

    Almost a tenth of the electricity produced in Canada is exported to the United States.

  • Uranium icon

    Canada is the world’s second largest producer and exporter of uranium, supplying 22% of world demand in 2015.

Emerging Trends

At home: Canada is changing the way we move energy to ensure that we are able to transmit clean electricity within our borders, and that the ways we move fossil fuels are as safe as possible for the environment and human health.

Around the world: Global markets and demand patterns are changing, and Canada needs to ensure we benefit as much as possible from the sale of energy resources by diversifying markets and increasing trade with emerging economies such as China and India. At the same time, continental energy integration across Canada, the U.S. and Mexico is deepening, providing opportunities for Canadian technologies.

Government of Canada Actions

The Government of Canada is working to ensure the next generation of Canada’s electricity grid is capable of incorporating renewable energy, store and efficiently move electricity to where it is needed.

We are also expanding energy trade in emerging markets, through initiatives like the recent NRCan mission to China.

NRCan is moving forward with three new programs funded in Budget 2017:

  • Supporting the deployment of emerging renewables, such as geothermal, tidal and offshore wind.

  • Supporting demonstrations and deployments of smart grid integrated systems

  • Promoting clean energy for remote off-grid communities to reduce their reliance on diesel.


Learn about how Government of Canada scientists are working to make pipelines safer.

Did you know...

… The first Canadian Smart Remote Microgrid was installed in Hartley Bay, BC (650 km north west of Vancouver) resulting in a saving of 77,000 litres of diesel per year. Learn more

Need some context?

If you’d like to know more about Canada’s energy systems and the emerging global trends in policy and technology that influence them, download our context paper. This paper, prepared by NRCan energy experts, will provide background on energy use in Canada, the current policy environment, the Generation Energy process, and some key questions to consider as you participate.